The artisanal and small-scale (gold) mining (ASM) sector contributes to a broad-based and sustainable economic development as supported by the recent Monetary Policy Statement (MPS) 2020 by the Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe (RBZ), showing that the gold sector produced approximately 27.7 tonnes in 2019 of which more than 60% is from artisanal and small scale miners. However, in terms of gendered participation, women are not in their utmost numbers in the ASM activities. In a study by ZELA. It was noted that; poor mining legislative and regulatory framework and provision of basic infrastructure and basic services within ASM communities often relegates the role of women to by-standers without much influence in the mining process; women in small-scale mining are resorted to poorly mineralized concessions and no mining law ropes in gender perspective in the extractives sector. While ASM is an important activity to the economy of rural (women) folk, women are still resorted to inferior activities in the ASM value chain. This is despite the efforts to include women in the mainstream activities such as mining.
The Government of Zimbabwe is recognizing the importance of the mining sector contribution to the economy as evidenced by the 12 billion strategy by 2023 and the subsequent attainment of the vision 2030. Consequently, there have been calls to formalize the ASM sector from the civil society organizations (CSOs) and have in place gendered approach that ensure inclusivity, primed on the economic contribution of the sector. However, of late, the mining community has seen increased violence contributed mainly by machete-wielding gangs. There is no regulation of the sector, largely informal and is associated with low levels of safety measures, environmental protection and this further hinders participation of marginalised groups in this mining value chain. Due to inadequate geographical data on miner’s location, the government cannot be proactive in containing gold rushes which are mainly behind chaotic artisanal small-scale gold mining. The over-representation of women into insignificant roles, vulnerable and informal exacerbates women’s exploitation in the ASM sector and are much susceptible to contemporary slavery and gender-based violence within their communities. Failure to enact gendered policies and legislation on ASM can frustrate the good intentions of the policies to mainstream women in ASM. It is for this reason that we are researching the cross-cutting issues that are limiting women’s participation in artisanal mining and suggest a solid framework to promote women’s participation to guide decision-makers come up with policies that empower women in artisanal mining.
Main Objective of the study
Produce a Research Report on the cross-cutting issues in the ASM sector from a women’s perspective and the implication of violence in their mining activities, and suggest a solid framework to promote women’s participation to guide decision-makers come up with policies that empower women in artisanal mining.
Specific Terms of Reference
- To identify and analyse the factors which are limiting women from engaging in the local ASM sector.
- To establish women perspective on the implications of violence in their mining activities.
- To assess the implications of gender-based violence on women participation in the mining sector.
- To establish and analyse the existing legal policies and frameworks that supports or speaks to gendered approach and inclusive participation in the mining sector.
- To identify gaps that can be addressed to ensure inclusive participation of marginalised (especially women) in the mining value chain.
- To assess and review lessons from other countries on how they have dealt with these issues, get to see how these have addressed issues of marginalised groups participation and drawing lines on the possibility of customizing these solutions to the local context.
- To produce a report detailing assessment of the issues limiting women participation and the impacts of violence on women participation in the ASM sector.
- To come up with an advancement strategy paper for women to engage in the ASM sector.
- To make recommendations and suggest roles for actions by civil society groups, the government, the private sector, and donors.
- Produce a Research Report on the cross-cutting issues in the ASM sector from a women’s perspective and the implication of violence in their mining activities
- Structured empowerment strategy to promote women participation in the ASM mining sector
- Validation meetings to
- Present on the research report findings to the CSOs, artisanal and small-scale miners, policymakers, government and mining companies for validation of findings.
The applicant must have the following:
- A minimum qualification of a Master’s degree in social sciences or relevant field
- At least 5 years and above experience on ASM sector issues
- Research on social issues experience
Interested and qualified Consultants who meet the above requirements should send their application clearly stating how they meet the requirements, a methodology to be used and the cost of the consultancy to email@example.com by the 14th of August 2020. The title of the consultancy should be clearly stated in the email subject.